Non-melanoma skin cancer refers to a group of cancers that slowly develop in the upper layers of the skin. The term non-melanoma distinguishes these more common types of skin cancer from the less common skin cancer known as melanoma, which can be more serious.
Is non-melanoma skin cancer bad?
In some cases they may come back after treatment. Although this type of cancer rarely spreads to other parts of the body, if not treated it can extend below the skin to the bone. This can cause serious damage to the bone. Having a basal cell carcinoma also puts you at higher risk for other types of skin cancer.
Is non-melanoma skin cancer benign?
Most skin tumors are benign (not cancerous) and rarely if ever turn into cancers. There are many kinds of benign skin tumors, including: Most types of moles (see Melanoma Skin Cancer for more about moles)
What is the leading cause of non-melanoma skin cancer?
Nonmelanoma skin cancer is usually caused by overexposure to the sun and its ultraviolet (UV) rays. Overexposure to UV rays can result from: Having severe sunburn and blistering, especially during childhood.
Is non-melanoma skin cancer curable?
However, for both BCC and SCC there can sometimes be considerable skin damage if the tumour is not treated. At least 9 out of 10 non-melanoma skin cancer cases are successfully cured.
Can non-melanoma skin cancer be inherited?
Younger people can also develop non-melanoma skin cancer, especially if they have fair skin, an inherited (genetic) syndrome that puts them at high risk (see below), or been exposed to significant amounts of radiation or UV radiation from the sun.
What does non-melanoma look like?
pale white or yellow flat areas that look like scars. raised and scaly red patches. small, smooth and shiny lumps that are pearly white, pink or red. a pink growth with raised edges and indents in the centre.
How long does it take for actinic keratosis to become cancerous?
In summary, of the estimated 10% of AKs that will develop into an SCC, the progression will take approximately 2 years.
What is non malignant skin cancer called?
Nonmelanoma skin cancer refers to all the types of cancer that occur in the skin that are not melanoma. Several types of skin cancer fall within the broader category of nonmelanoma skin cancer, with the most common types being basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
Who is more prone to skin cancer?
Skin cancer is more common in fair skinned people because they have less of the protective pigment called melanin. People with darker skin are less likely to get skin cancer. But they can still get skin cancer. Darker skinned people are particularly at risk of skin cancer where the body has less direct sun exposure.
What organs are affected by skin cancer?
Skin cancer develops primarily on areas of sun-exposed skin, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms and hands, and on the legs in women. But it can also form on areas that rarely see the light of day — your palms, beneath your fingernails or toenails, and your genital area.
Do you get sick with skin cancer?
They don’t feel ill. The only difference they notice is the suspicious-looking spot. That spot doesn’t have to itch, bleed, or feel painful. Although, skin cancer sometimes does.
Is melanoma or non-melanoma worse?
Melanoma is much less common than some other types of skin cancer. But melanoma is more dangerous because it’s much more likely to spread to other parts of the body if not caught and treated early.