Your question: What causes contact dermatitis in babies?

Contact dermatitis is a physiological reaction that occurs when skin comes in contact with certain substances. Irritants to the skin cause 80 percent of these reactions, while the remaining 20 percent are caused by allergens, which trigger an allergic response.

Is contact dermatitis common in babies?

Allergic contact dermatitis may affect as many as 20% of the pediatric population. It occurs less frequently in the first few months of life and increases in prevalence with increasing age. In the adolescent age group, females have significantly higher rates of allergic contact dermatitis on the face.

What can trigger contact dermatitis?

Common causes of irritant contact dermatitis include:

  • Acids.
  • Alkalis like drain cleaners.
  • Body fluids, including urine and saliva.
  • Certain plants, such as poinsettias and peppers.
  • Hair dyes.
  • Nail polish remover or other solvents.
  • Paints and varnishes.
  • Harsh soaps or detergents.

How do you prevent dermatitis in babies?

There is no sure way to prevent baby eczema. It does help your baby to keep the skin well-moisturized, even if no rash is obvious. Apply a cream, ointment or lotion at least twice a day, perhaps at diaper changes.

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What does contact dermatitis look like in babies?

The reaction can look like a burn. Infants experiencing irritant contact dermatitis will usually be fussy. There may be obvious skin irritation, including inflammation, swelling of the area, and warmth. The rash will be confined to the specific area that came into contact with the offending agent.

What does contact dermatitis look like on a child?

Contact dermatitis may occur anywhere on the body. Exposed areas such as the arms, legs, and face are most often affected. Scaly red-to-pink sheets of skin (plaques) and blisters may appear. Individual lesions have distinct (well-demarcated) borders and often assume shapes with straight edges and right angles.

How do I treat contact dermatitis on my baby’s face?

Treatment may include:

  1. Washing your child’s skin with soap and water as soon as possible after contact. …
  2. Using wet, cold cloths (compresses) on the skin. …
  3. Using wet dressings for oozing areas. …
  4. Putting corticosteroid cream or ointment on the skin. …
  5. Giving your child antihistamine pills or liquid.

What’s the difference between eczema and dermatitis?

Dermatitis means inflammation of the skin. Eczema is inflamed skin that has other symptoms like itching, a flaky or scaly rash, and dry skin.

How do you stop dermatitis from spreading?

General prevention steps include the following:

  1. Avoid irritants and allergens. …
  2. Wash your skin. …
  3. Wear protective clothing or gloves. …
  4. Apply an iron-on patch to cover metal fasteners next to your skin. …
  5. Apply a barrier cream or gel. …
  6. Use moisturizer. …
  7. Take care around pets.
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Is Vaseline good for eczema?

Petroleum jelly is well tolerated and works well for sensitive skin, which makes it an ideal treatment for eczema flare-ups. Unlike some products that can sting and cause discomfort, petroleum jelly has moisturizing and soothing properties that alleviate irritation, redness, and discomfort.

Do babies outgrow eczema?

Eczema can show up as crusty, flaky patches on your baby’s skin, often during their first few months. It’s common and treatable. Many infants outgrow it.

How do you know if baby is itchy?

What is itchy skin like for a baby? If your baby or toddler’s got the itchies, she’s likely to show you any problems before she tells you about them. You’ll probably see her scratching herself silly, with the telltale signs of redness or streaks on her skin.

Can baby wipes cause contact dermatitis?

Baby wipes and other moist towelettes are used regularly to cleanse children’s hands and face after eating. Because these wipes are meant to stay moist, they require the use of preservatives, which can result in allergic contact dermatitis in users.

What cream is best for contact dermatitis?

Topical corticosteroids (also known as steroid creams) are typically the first-line treatment for contact dermatitis. 9 Hydrocortisone (in stronger formulation than OTC options), triamcinolone, and clobetasol are commonly prescribed. These can help reduce itching and irritation, and they work rather quickly.