Skin cancer usually appears as a growth that changes in color, shape, or size. This can be a sore that does not heal or a change in a mole or skin growth. These changes usually happen in areas that get the most sun—your head, neck, back, chest, or shoulders. The most common place for skin cancer is your nose.
Does skin cancer affect the whole body?
Skin cancer develops primarily on areas of sun-exposed skin, including the scalp, face, lips, ears, neck, chest, arms and hands, and on the legs in women. But it can also form on areas that rarely see the light of day — your palms, beneath your fingernails or toenails, and your genital area.
What organs are affected by skin cancer?
Melanoma, which forms in melanocytes, the skin cells that produce the brown pigment known as melanin and darken when exposed to the sun. Merkel cell carcinoma, which forms in cells that give skin its sense of touch and may metastasize to the brain, bones, liver or lung.
How do you feel when you have skin cancer?
Any unusual sore, lump, blemish, marking, or change in the way an area of the skin looks or feels may be a sign of skin cancer or a warning that it might occur. The area might become red, swollen, scaly, crusty or begin oozing or bleeding. It may feel itchy, tender, or painful.
What are the consequences of skin cancer?
Fine and coarse wrinkles. Freckles; discolored areas of the skin, called mottled pigmentation; and sallowness, yellow discoloration of the skin. Telangiectasias, the dilation of small blood vessels under the skin. Elastosis, the destruction of the elastic tissue causing lines and wrinkles.
Do you feel ill with skin cancer?
They don’t feel ill. The only difference they notice is the suspicious-looking spot. That spot doesn’t have to itch, bleed, or feel painful. Although, skin cancer sometimes does.
How do you know if skin cancer has spread?
If your melanoma has spread to other areas, you may have:
- Hardened lumps under your skin.
- Swollen or painful lymph nodes.
- Trouble breathing, or a cough that doesn’t go away.
- Swelling of your liver (under your lower right ribs) or loss of appetite.
- Bone pain or, less often, broken bones.
Where does skin cancer spread to first?
Normally, the first place a melanoma tumor metastasizes to is the lymph nodes, by literally draining melanoma cells into the lymphatic fluid, which carries the melanoma cells through the lymphatic channels to the nearest lymph node basin.
How long does skin cancer take to spread?
Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as 6 weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body.
Are skin cancers painful?
Skin cancers often don’t cause bothersome symptoms until they have grown quite large. Then they may itch, bleed, or even hurt. But typically they can be seen or felt long before they reach this point.
Can skin cancer go away by itself?
Melanoma can go away on its own. Melanoma on the skin can spontaneously regress, or begin to, without any treatment. That’s because the body’s immune system is able launch an assault on the disease that’s strong enough to spur its retreat.
What does Stage 1 melanoma look like?
Stage I melanoma is no more than 1.0 millimeter thick (about the size of a sharpened pencil point), with or without an ulceration (broken skin). There is no evidence that Stage I melanoma has spread to the lymph tissues, lymph nodes, or body organs.
What are the 4 types of skin cancer?
There are 4 main types of skin cancer:
- Basal cell carcinoma. Basal cells are the round cells found in the lower epidermis. …
- Squamous cell carcinoma. Most of the epidermis is made up of flat, scale-like cells called squamous cells. …
- Merkel cell cancer. …
At what age does skin cancer typically occur?
Age. Most basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas typically appear after age 50. However, in recent years, the number of skin cancers in people age 65 and older has increased dramatically. This may be due to better screening and patient tracking efforts in skin cancer.
What does skin cancer rash look like?
However, a rough, scaly, red patch of skin may appear instead. This can often closely resemble noncancerous or precancerous skin lesions. Unlike skin rashes that resolve over time, rashes that occur due to SCC grow slowly and appear as a bump that does not seem to heal.