What body system does skin cancer affect?

Skin cancer begins in the cells that make up the outer layer (epidermis) of your skin. One type of skin cancer called basal cell carcinoma begins in the basal cells, which make skin cells that continuously push older cells toward the surface.

What body systems are affected by melanoma?

The most common places for melanoma metastasis to occur are the lymph nodes, lungs, liver, bones, brain, and abdomen.

What part of the integumentary system does skin cancer affect?

Squamous cell carcinoma is a cancer that affects the keratinocytes of the stratum spinosum and presents as lesions commonly found on the scalp, ears, and hands (Figure 2). It is the second most common skin cancer.

Can skin cancer affect other organs?

Most of the time, skin cancer affects only the skin and some of the surrounding tissue. However, if it is left untreated, skin cancer may metastasize, or spread throughout the body. If this happens, it usually spreads first to nearby lymph nodes and can later spread to distant organs.

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How does melanoma affect the skin?

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that develops when melanocytes (the cells that give the skin its tan or brown color) start to grow out of control. Cancer starts when cells in the body begin to grow out of control. Cells in nearly any part of the body can become cancer, and can then spread to other areas of the body.

What happens to the cells during melanoma?

Melanoma occurs when something goes wrong in the melanin-producing cells (melanocytes) that give color to your skin. Normally, skin cells develop in a controlled and orderly way — healthy new cells push older cells toward your skin’s surface, where they die and eventually fall off.

Is the integumentary system an organ system?

The integumentary system is an organ system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, and exocrine glands.

What body system does squamous cell carcinoma affect?

Squamous cell skin cancer affects the epidermis, the top layer of skin. Squamous cell cancer may occur in undamaged skin. It can also occur in skin that has been injured or inflamed. Most squamous cell cancers occur on skin that is regularly exposed to sunlight or other ultraviolet radiation.

What is another name for the skin system?

The skin and its derivatives (hair, nails, sweat and oil glands) make up the integumentary system.

Can skin cancer affect your bones?

If left untreated, SCC can grow deeper into the skin. Sometimes it can spread to nearby lymph nodes. In rare cases, it can spread to bone, the lungs or other organs.

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How does skin cancer spread to other parts of the body?

The cancer spreads from where it began by growing into nearby areas. Lymph system. The cancer spreads from where it began by getting into the lymph system. The cancer travels through the lymph vessels to other parts of the body.

How does skin cancer happen?

Most skin cancers are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. When you don’t protect your skin, UV rays from sunlight or tanning beds can damage your skin’s DNA. When the DNA is altered, it can’t properly control skin cell growth, leading to cancer.

Are all cancers carcinomas?

Not all cancers are carcinoma. Other types of cancer that aren’t carcinomas invade the body in different ways. Those cancers begin in other types of tissue, such as: Bone.

How does melanoma affect the brain?

When melanoma spreads to the brain and symptoms occur, they may include: Headaches. Seizures. Paralysis on one side of your body.

What does Stage 1 melanoma look like?

Stage I melanoma is no more than 1.0 millimeter thick (about the size of a sharpened pencil point), with or without an ulceration (broken skin). There is no evidence that Stage I melanoma has spread to the lymph tissues, lymph nodes, or body organs.